The Ancient

Sundaland 18,588 years ago? In tracing the history of Singapore, how far back in time we go is not a question of fact or fascination but rather depends on what is documented or mentioned directly, recalled by someone, or retold. Inconsistencies and contradictions may...

The Beginning

Traders and Discoverers Before the sea was a viable mode of transportation, traders relied on pungent camels to carry their goods and traverse great distances. It was a dangerous journey littered with bandits and a costly endeavour. Rulers could demand taxes and...

The Existence

Fishing Village or Pirates’ Cove? The island of Singapore was not necessarily a laid-back fishing village or a rowdy pirate’s cove. At certain periods there could have been some truth as mentioned in Chinese chronicles and other records sighted. However, none can...